Dance club Vito Horo
Folklore is a force that unites a nation. He preserves his history, his beliefs, rites and customs, his idea of beauty and goodness, his soul.
Bulgarian dance folklore is a reflection of the life of our people. Passed down from generation to generation, it manages to survive through the centuries and reach us.
Severnyashka folklore area
The northern region is the second largest with a very rich and diverse music and dance material. To the southwest is the Balkan Mountains, to the north – the Danube River, to the east – the Black Sea. Due to the diversity of folklore, it is divided into:
– western part – here are the cities of Vratsa, Montana, Vidin, Lom. In this part, folklore is definitely influenced by our northern neighbor Romania.
People abound in small movements, many tributaries, syncope, entanglements. Their performance is with fast legs, accompanied by a very characteristic shout. A bright example is “Fine Wallachian”.
The women’s costume is double-breasted, and the men’s are Belodreshkovtsi.
– The middle northern region includes the cities of Lovech, Pleven, Gabrovo, Veliko Tarnovo, Svishtov. The people here are characterized by breadth, jumpiness, whirlwind with a rich play of hands.
All this in the game of the northerner makes his people beautiful, lively and temperamental.
– The eastern region of the Northern region includes the cities of Shumen, Razgrad and Ruse.
The migratory displacements of the population from Thrace to the district, the two cultures are mixed and the specific “Kapantsi” are formed.
Severnyashki region - the dances we know
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Shopska folklore area
The Shopska region is located in southwestern Bulgaria. It covers to the east – the Ihtiman hills, to the west it stops at the state border, to the north – Stara Planina and to the south to Osogovo Mountain and Rila.
The main livelihood of the population is vegetable production, agriculture and cattle breeding, in some places the crafts have developed / tanning, weaving, braiding /.
Along with the shopluka / Sofia region / there are also Graovtsi / Pernik, Breznik, Trun /. As a character, they are hardworking, witty, resourceful, restless, but gifted with cunning and a keen sense of humor.
This is reflected in their folklore. Songs, dances and costumes are radically different from other areas. The Shopska dance is characterized by agility, lightness, jumpiness with a feeling of detachment from the ground. He is full of temperament, dynamics, coordination of the body, arms and head and exceptional rhythm.
The movements are full of bells, low and high triggers, circles on the ground and air, pigtails, hoes and other elements, but the most characteristic movement is “rubbing” with a predominant grip on the belt.
Shopski region - the dances we know
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Thracian folklore area
The Thracian region is the largest. It is surrounded by the Ihtiman hills, Stara Planina, Pirin and the Black Sea, includes the Rhodopes, the Thracian lowlands and the Strandzha region. For the most part it is flat, except for the Rhodope and Strandzha regions. The main livelihood is agriculture and animal husbandry, in mountainous areas and crafts – weaving, blacksmithing, pottery. The Thracian region is divided into:
– Western part – it includes the cities of Ihtiman and Pazardzhik
– The Rhodope region – covers Smolyan, Chepelare, Madan, Rudozem, Zlatograd, Kardzhali
– Central Thrace – Plovdiv, Stara Zagora, Yambol, Sliven, Kazanlak, Haskovo
– The eastern part is the Strandzha region, Burgas, Primorsko, Tsarevo, Malko Tarnovo.
The fertile land of the plain and the geographical location also shaped the character of the Thracian. He is calm, rich in spirit, receptive, wide open, curious, hardworking and strongly attached to the land. His dance is rich in movements performed with his feet close to the ground, as if talking to her. There is a wide range of elements such as bells, hammers, scissors, triggers, levers, clapping hands, but the movement that distinguishes them from other areas is “Tropoli” – in its various varieties.
Thracian region - the dances we know
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Dobrudzha folklore area
The Dobrudzha region is closely connected with the Danube plain in historical-geographical, ethnographic and cultural-economic terms, with Thracians and Balkan people from the Balkan Mountains, settlers and locals / combs /.
The brightest bearers of the Dobrudzha style are around the cities of Silsitra, Tutrakan, Tervel, Dobrich, Kavarna, Balchik, Varna. Its plain is rich and fertile, with the main livelihood of the population – agriculture and fishing. This also affects the character of the dance of Dobrudzha. He is calm, confident, cheerful, extremely hardworking and strongly attached to his land. She dances slightly squatting, with bulging breasts and free wide smooth movements of the arms, involving the whole body.
Typing, slipping, squatting and rolling on the ground, playing with shoulders and accents of labor elements in the movements are typical.
Women are characterized by calm dancing with a slight movement of the shoulders and a specific shout.
Bright Dobrudzha people are: “Sborenka”, “Danets”, “Opas”, “Ruka”, “Sei, sei bob”, “Muzhki rachenik”, “Izbubli kondak”. The most common size is 2/4, and less often 5/8, 9/8, 9/16. Typical instruments are the gadulka / kopanka /, kaval, jura bagpipe, big duduk, hand accordion.
The men’s costume is black, but with specific thick socks. The women’s costume is a sukman or skirt and a shirt with a vest with an interesting hat / hood / like a rooster’s crest, and from it comes the name of the local population “Grebentsi”.
Dobrudzha region - the dances we know
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